Evolang coverage: Brain activity during the emergence of a grounded communication game

Takeshi Konno, Junya Morita and Takashi Hashimoto talk about the integrative approach to the emergence of symbolic communication.  The talk included details of a hybrid model of cognition for communication that involved a context-free grammar to handle denotation and a neural network to handle connotation.  However, the most interesting work was an analysis of the different brain areas used at different stages of the evolution of a communication system.  They used an experimental paradigm similar to Galantucci (2005) where two human players played a coordination game using computer terminals.  On the screen, players were placed in one of four coloured room, but unable to see their partner in another room.  The aim was to move once (or not move) to end up in the same room as your partner.  Players were allowed to communicate once before moving using a sequence of abstract shapes.  Players could send a sequence of two abstract shapes to their partner.  The idea was to set up a communication system whereby, for instance, a square followed by a circle might mean ‘move into the green room’.

Konno et al. observe an evolution in the communication system:  First, the establishment of common ground (what shapes meant what colour).  Next, a symbolic system emerged with a semantics and a syntax.  At this stage, players were sending messages simultaneously.  Finally, role division (pragmatics) emerged to handle situations where the suggestion of a move by one player was impossible to reach in a single move by the other.  Therefore, one player would make a suggestion, and the second player would either modify the suggestion or confirm the suggestion by sending back the same signal.  Konno et al. note the emergence of the possibility of the same signal to meaning different things.

Interestingly, a recent experiment used EEG scans of participants’ brain activity as they played.  Konno et al. observed activity in Wernicke’s area at the semantic and syntactic stage, but also increased activation during the pragmatic stage of the evolution of the system in Broca’s area, the right frontal cortex and the medial frontal area.  Although this finding was not covered in a lot of detail, and the implications were not fully fleshed out, it’s an intriguing result, and may usher in a new series of brain-scanning versions of other communication game paradigms.  Do participants at a later stage of an iterated learning paradigm used different brain areas to those in the initial stages of the evolution of the language?

Evolang abstract:

Konno,T., Morita,J. and Hashimoto,T. (2012) “How is pragmatic grounding formed in the symbolic communication systems?,” Proceedings of Evolang9, Campus Plaza Kyoto, abstract.

Galantucci, B. (2005). An experimental study of the emergence of human communication systems. Cognitive Science, 29(5), 737-767.

Evolang previews: Holistic or synthetic protolanguage: evidence from iterated learning of whistled signals

Guest post by Tessa Verhoef

Evolang is busy this year – 4 parallel sessions and over 50 posters.  We’ll be positing a series of previews to help you decide what to go and see.  If you’d like to post a preview of your work, get in touch and we’ll give you a guest slot.

Tessa Verhoef, Bart de Boer and Simon Kirby Holistic or synthetic protolanguage: evidence from iterated learning of whistled signals.
Lecture room 3, Fri. 16th, 14.25

In this talk we will present results of an iterated learning experiment about the emergence of structure in sets of whistle sounds produced with a slide whistle. We will link these results to the debate on the nature of human protolanguage.

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Language Evolution Session at EHBEA 2012

H/T: Evolutionary Linguistics.

Call deadline: 25 November 2011
Event Dates: 15-28 March 2012
Event Location: Durham, UK
Event URL:
Dear colleagues,

We are organising a special themed session on language evolution at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association, which is held in Durham, UK, 25th-28th March 2012 (http://www.dur.ac.uk/jeremy.kendal/EHBEA2012/Welcome.html). EHBEA is an excellent venue for interdisciplinary work on the cultural and biological evolution of human behaviour, including language. Given that EHBEA is running shortly after EVOLANG next year, we are happy for research that is targeted at EVOLANG to also be submitted here, although note that the audience for each is likely to be different.

If you would like to submit an abstract for consideration as part of this themed session, please follow the submission instructions on the EHBEA website, marking your abstract as for consideration in the language evolution special session, organised by Simon Kirby and Kenny Smith. Abstracts will be independently reviewed by the usual EHBEA reviewers, so bear that in mind when preparing your submission. The themed session will only run if sufficient abstracts are accepted – of course, papers on language evolution could be presented independently as standard EHBEA talks.

The deadline for submissions is November 25th.


Best wishes,
Simon & Kenny